Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
1. What is the Economic and Social Development Council (CDES)?
The Economic and Social Development Council (CDES) is a collegiate body composed of professionals from various segments of the civil society, such as health, economy, public safety, innovation and entrepreneurship, among others. Its work consists of direct advice to the president of Brazil in all areas of the federal Executive Branch – a characteristic that distinguishes it from other councils created by the Brazilian government.
2. When was the Economic and Social Development Council (CDES) created?
The Economic and Social Development Council (CDES), which is part of the Presidency of the Republic, was created on January 1st, 2003 by the Provisional Measure No. 103, converted into the Law No. 10,683, of May 28th, 2003. The Decree No. 8,887, dated October 24th, 2016, provides for its composition and operation.
3. Who makes up the Economic and Social Development Council (CDES)?
The Economic and Social Development Council (CDES) is chaired by the president of Brazil. The Minister of the Chief of Staff’s Office of the Presidency of the Republic serves as Executive Secretary. The other members are Brazilian citizens of unblemished conduct and acknowledged leadership and/or representativeness in civil society.
4. How does the Economic and Social Development Council (CDES) act?
The Economic and Social Development Council (CDES) advises the president by making proposals that can be transformed into new public policies or contribute to the improvement of existing ones.
The dialogue between the councilors and the president generally takes place in plenary meetings. But there are other opportunities for councilors to debate among themselves the proposals to be taken to the president, such as in working groups. The working groups are composed by councilors with knowledge or interest in a specific topic, and their meetings occur in the interstices of plenary meetings. The CDES also organizes workshops, seminars and other opportunities for dialogue.
5. What is the outcome of the Council's activities?
The recommendations on public policies are chosen and then presented to the president during plenary meetings. They are the results of discussions among councilors gathered in thematic working groups. When received by the president, those recommendations are reviewed and can be announced as determinations to be implemented by the government. Since the re-composition of the CDES and the resumption of its work at the end of 2016, the Council has delivered many recommendations, which have been largely adopted and have been implemented by various sectors of the government.
6. What is the Steering Committee of the Economic and Social Development Council (CDES)?
The Steering Committee of the Economic and Social Development Council (CDES) is part of its governance structure. It was created to give greater effectiveness to the dialogue among councilors, as well as to improve the interaction with the government and with other social and institutional actors. The Steering Committee is made up of five councilors chosen by its peers and its membership is renewed periodically. It contributes to the evaluation of the Council's outputs and to the monitoring of results.
7. Who are the councilors?
The councilors are Brazilian citizens, with civil majority, unblemished conduct and acknowledged leadership and/or representativeness, appointed by the president. The current composition of CDES includes representatives of workers, entrepreneurs, academics, social movements and leaders of civil society in topics such as health, public management, early childhood, sports, consumer law, LGBTI rights, people with disabilities, digital economy, innovation and entrepreneurship, among others. Together, they constitute a qualified forum for the discussion of public policies and the proposition of measures that stimulate economic growth, development and social equity.
8. How are councilors chosen?
Councilors are chosen according to a methodology developed specifically to ensure a diverse group with national representativeness, engagement and leadership, enabling the collegiate to exercise a qualified and relevant debate that results in recommendations regarding policies that will shape the future of Brazil.
The councilors are appointed by the president for a period of up to two years, with the possibility of renewal.
Councilors are workers, entrepreneurs, academics, representatives of social movements and leaders of various sectors of the civil society. When appointing the councilors, the president seeks to combine sectorial representativeness, social and political density and capacity to contribute to the debates on themes that are fundamental to the country's development.
9. Is there a minimum or maximum number of participants in the Economic and Social Development Council (CDES)?
There is no pre-established number of members for the Economic and Social Development Council (CDES).
10. Are councilors paid?
The participation in the activities of the Economic and Social Development Council (CDES) is considered a distinguished public service and councilor do not get paid.
In order to participate in the Council's events, board members living outside Brasilia (the Brazilian capital) are entitled to receive plane tickets and daily allowances, in accordance with federal government's guidelines. It should be noted, however, that many of the councilors choose to participate at their own expenses.
11. Can councilors appoint substitutes to participate in their absences?
Councilors may not appoint substitutes. They may, however, be accompanied in the activities of CDES by technical advisors, who do not have the right to speak or vote in plenary meetings. Advisors are only allowed to speak during working groups’ meetings.
12. Do councilors' advisors receive remuneration to participate in Council events?
The participation of the advisors is not remunerated and they are not entitled to receive tickets or daily allowances from the federal government.
13. How does the Council's work benefit society in general?
The creation of the Economic and Social Development Council (CDES) enhanced the dialogue between government and society and their ability to contribute to new paths of development for the country. The CDES makes proposals that can become new public policies or contribute to the improvement of existing policies. The Council's contributions impact the quality of government actions and produce concrete results
14. What is the Secretariat for the Economic and Social Development Council (Sedes)?
The Secretariat for the Economic and Social Development Council (Sedes) is the structure responsible for the technical coordination of the process of discussion and formulation of proposals by the CDES. It also provides logistic support to the Council.
15. What is the difference between CDES and Sedes?
The Economic and Social Development Council (CDES) is an immediate advisory body to the president of Brazil in the formulation of specific policies and guidelines, focused on economic and social development, and on the evaluation of proposals for public policies and structural reforms.
The Secretariat for the Economic and Social Development Council (Sedes) is a part of the presidential office responsible for providing the technical and logistic support necessary to carry out the activities of the CDES.
16. Does CDES promote international dialogues?
Since its creation in 2003, the Council has participated, with the support of Sedes, in networks that include similar institutions in Latin America and the Caribbean, Africa, Asia and Europe. CDES has also been engaged in dialogues with international multilateral organizations that stimulate social participation in the public policymaking process. International cooperation with similar bodies from other countries and international organizations contributes: 1) to the exchange of experiences and good practices that allow for the improvement of methodologies for dialogue and consensus building; 2) to debates on themes of common interest; and 3) to joint actions to foster economic and social councils and their replication in other countries.
17. How can I contact the Economic and Social Development Council (CDES)?
Contacts can also be made by the e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org, by the phone +55 61 3411-2199 or +55 61 3411-3393 or in the following address:
Economic and Social Development Council (CDES)
Palácio do Planalto
Praça dos Três Poderes - s/n, Anexo 1, Sala 202 B
Brasilia – Distrito Federal – CEP 70150-900